In 12 years of his presidency, FDR delivered only 30 fireside chats. He used them strategically, so they were never so frequent to be written-off or ignored. As the war in Europe raged, and German forces threatened and occupied nearly all of it, Japan dominated the South Pacific and drove American forces down the Bataan peninsula. FDR would once again turn to the radio, asking Americans to reference maps during his chat, so he could explain what was happening. He would remind the public that losses would be in our future before wins, and the long history the country had of overcoming the challenges it faced.